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Photographs supplied by Peter F Williams

The Lone Pine tree commemorates those who served in World War One.  

The Lone Pine was the name given to a solitary tree on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, which marked the site of the Battle of Lone Pine in 1915 during World War One and it was the sole survivor of a group of trees that had been cut down by Turkish soldiers who had used the timber and branches to cover their trenches.

The tree was obliterated during the battle; however, pine cones that had remained attached to the cut branches over the trenches were retrieved by two Australian soldiers and brought home to Australia. Private Thomas Keith McDowell, a soldier of the 23rd Battalion brought a pine cone from the battle site back to Australia, and many years later seeds from the cone were planted by his wife's aunt Emma Gray of Grassmere, near Warrnambool, Victoria and five seedlings emerged, with four surviving. These seedlings were planted in four different locations in Victoria: Wattle Park (May 8, 1933), the Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne (June 11, 1933), the Soldiers Memorial Hall at The Sisters near Terang (June 18, 1933) and Warrnambool Botanic Gardens (January 23, 1934).

The Shrine of Remembrance's lone pine was felled in August 2012 and the timber used as part of a remembrance project, after a disease known as Diplodia pinea or blue stains fungus as it commonly called killed it.

Another soldier, Lance Corporal Benjamin Smith from the 3rd Battalion, also retrieved a cone and sent it back to his mother (Mrs McMullen) in Australia, who had lost another son at the battle. Seeds from the cone were planted by Mrs McMullen in 1928, from which two seedlings were raised. One was presented to her home town of Inverell (New South Wales) and the other was forwarded to Canberra where it was planted by Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester at the Australian War Memorial in October 1934.


Address:Lurline Street, , Katoomba, 2780
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -33.718945
Long: 150.312297
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Tree
Monument Theme:Conflict


Actual Monument Dedication Date:Sunday 21st November, 2010
Front Inscription

Honouring our ANZAC heritage

This Aleppo Pine is a direct descendant of the original Lone Pine which once grew on Lone Pine Plateau at Gallipoli.

This ridge, the size of two football fields, was the scene of a major offensive launched by the 1st Australian Infantry Division on 6 August, 1915.  The Turks had cut down all but one of the trees which grew on this ridge to cover their trenches.  The ridge was dominated by this single Aleppo Pine which become known as Lone Pine.

In 3 days of fighting the Australians lost more than 2273 men and the Turks losses were estimated at 7000.  Of the nine Victoria Crosses awarded to Australians at Gallipoli seven were earned at the Battle of Lone Pine.  

After the battle an Australian soldier who had taken part in the attack, in which his brother was killed, found a cone on one of the branches and sent it home to his mother.  From the seed shed by it she raised a tree which she presented to the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.

This Aleppo Pine was raised from a seed of this original tree and symbolises the spirit of the ANZACs who served their country in the Great War of 1914 - 1918.

Donated by Geoff Bates, Blue Mountains historian, to Mr Derek Moloney, President of the Katoomba RSL Sub-Branch, on Sunday, 21 November 2010.

Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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