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Photographs supplied by Bryan Cole

The pine tree commemorates those who served in World War One.

The Lone Pine was the name given to a solitary tree on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, which marked the site of the Battle of Lone Pine in 1915 during World War One and it was the sole survivor of a group of trees that had been cut down by Turkish soldiers who had used the timber and branches to cover their trenches.

The tree was obliterated during the battle; however, pine cones that had remained attached to the cut branches over the trenches were retrieved by two Australian soldiers and brought home to Australia. Private Thomas Keith McDowell, a soldier of the 23rd Battalion brought a pine cone from the battle site back to Australia, and many years later seeds from the cone were planted by his wife's aunt Emma Gray of Grassmere, near Warrnambool, Victoria and five seedlings emerged, with four surviving. These seedlings were planted in four different locations in Victoria: Wattle Park (May 8, 1933), the Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne (June 11, 1933), the Soldiers Memorial Hall at The Sisters near Terang (June 18, 1933) and Warrnambool Botanic Gardens (January 23, 1934).

Another soldier, Lance Corporal Benjamin Smith from the 3rd Battalion, also retrieved a cone and sent it back to his mother (Mrs McMullen) in Australia, who had lost another son at the battle. Seeds from the cone were planted by Mrs McMullen in 1928, from which two seedlings were raised. One was presented to her home town of Inverell (New South Wales) and the other was forwarded to Canberra where it was planted by Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester at the Australian War Memorial in October 1934.

The Shrine of Remembrance's lone pine was felled in August 2012 and the timber used as part of a remembrance project, after a disease known as Diplodia pinea or blue stains fungus as it commonly called killed it.

Melbourne Legacy and the Yarralumla Nursery in Canberra have grown seedlings sourced from the trees at the Shrine of Remembrance and the Australian War Memorial respectively, which they have presented to schools as well as ex-service and other organisations throughout Australia.


Address:Merrion Terrace, RSL Hall, Apex Park, Stirling, 5152
GPS Coordinates:Lat: -35.004809
Long: 138.718122
Note: GPS Coordinates are approximate.
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Monument Type:Tree
Monument Theme:Conflict
Actual Event Start Date:04-August-1914
Actual Event End Date:28-June-1919


Actual Monument Dedication Date:Saturday 11th November, 2006
Front Inscription

                      LONE PINE

Lone Pine or Plateau 400 at Gallipoli was the scene of a major
diversionary offensive launched by the Australian 1st Division on
                             6th August 1915.
The ridge was dominated by a single Aleppo Pine (Pinus
) which became known as Lonesome Pine or the Lone
Pine.  The battle was one of the most intense actions of the
                        Gallipoli campaign.
This Aleppo Pine, which is a direct descendant of the original
Lone Pine of Gallipoli, was presented to the Probus Clubs of
Aldgate and Stirling as a seedling in April 2006 by Mr. Nick Smyth
of Balaklava and was re-planted in Apex Park on
             Saturday 11th November 2006
                     LEST WE FORGET

Source: MA
Monument details supplied by Monument Australia - www.monumentaustralia.org.au
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